Phrasal Verbs-Sözönlü feillər

Phrasal Verbs List

phrasal verb

meaning

example sentence

Ask somebody out

kimisə yeməyə dəvət etmək

Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.

ask around

ətrafına sual vermək

asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.

add up tosomething

equal

Your purchases add up to$205.32.

backsomething up

reverse

You’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.

backsomebody up

support

My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.

blow up

explode

The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.

blowsomething up

add air

We have to blow 50 balloons upfor the party.

break down

stop functioning (vehicle, machine)

Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.

break down

get upset

The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.

breaksomethingdown

divide into smaller parts

Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.

break in

force entry to a building

Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.

break intosomething

enter forcibly

The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.

breaksomething in

wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel new

I need to break these shoes inbefore we run next week.

break in

interrupt

The TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.

break up

end a relationship

My boyfriend and I broke upbefore I moved to America.

break up

start laughing (informal)

The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.

break out

escape

The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.

break out insomething

develop a skin condition

broke out in a rash after our camping trip.

bringsomebodydown

make unhappy

This sad music is bringing me down.

bringsomebody up

raise a child

My grandparents brought me upafter my parents died.

bringsomething up

start talking about a subject

My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.

bringsomething up

vomit

He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.

call around

phone many different places/people

We called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.

callsomebodyback

return a phone call

called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.

callsomething off

cancel

Jason called the wedding offbecause he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.

call onsomebody

ask for an answer or opinion

The professor called on me for question 1.

call onsomebody

visit somebody

We called on you last night but you weren’t home.

callsomebody up

phone

Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.

calm down

relax after being angry

You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.

not care forsomebody/ something

not like (formal)

I don’t care for his behaviour.

catch up

get to the same point as somebody else

You’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.

check in

arrive and register at a hotel or airport

We will get the hotel keys when we check in.

check out

leave a hotel

You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.

checksomebody/ somethingout

look at carefully, investigate

The company checks out all new employees.

check outsomebody/ something

look at (informal)

Check out the crazy hair on that guy!

cheer up

become happier

She cheered up when she heard the good news.

cheersomebody up

make happier

I brought you some flowers to cheer you up.

chip in

help

If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.

cleansomething up

tidy, clean

Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.

come acrosssomething

find unexpectedly

came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.

come apart

separate

The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.

come down withsomething

become sick

My nephew came down withchicken pox this weekend.

come forward

volunteer for a task or to give evidence

The woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.

come fromsome place

originate in

The art of origami comes fromAsia.

count onsomebody/ something

rely on

I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.

crosssomethingout

draw a line through

Please cross out your old address and write your new one.

cut back onsomething

consume less

My doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.

cutsomethingdown

make something fall to the ground

We had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.

cut in

interrupt

Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.

cut in

pull in too closely in front of another vehicle

The bus driver got angry when that car cut in.

cut in

start operating (of an engine or electrical device)

The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.

cutsomething off

remove with something sharp

The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.

cutsomething off

stop providing

The phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.

cutsomebody off

take out of a will

My grandparents cut my father offwhen he remarried.

cutsomethingout

remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)

cut this ad out of the newspaper.

dosomebody/ somethingover

beat up, ransack (BrE, informal)

He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.

do somethingover

do again (AmE)

My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn’t like my topic.

do away withsomething

discard

It’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.

do somethingup

fasten, close

Do your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!

dress up

wear nice clothing

It’s a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.

drop back

move back in a position/group

Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.

drop in/ by/ over

come without an appointment

I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.

dropsomebody/ something off

take somebody/ something somewhere and leave them/it there

I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.

drop out

quit a class, school etc

dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.

eat out

eat at a restaurant

I don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.

end up

eventually reach/do/decide

We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.

fall apart

break into pieces

My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.

fall down

fall to the ground

The picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.

fall out

separate from an interior

The money must have fallen outof my pocket.

fall out

(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached

His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.

figuresomethingout

understand, find the answer

I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.

fill somethingin

to write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE)

Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.

fill somethingout

to write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE)

The form must be filled out in capital letters.

fill somethingup

fill to the top

I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.

find out

discover

We don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?

findsomethingout

discover

We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.

getsomethingacross/ over

communicate, make understandable

I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.

get along/on

like each other

I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.

get around

have mobility

My grandfather can get aroundfine in his new wheelchair.

get away

go on a vacation

We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.

get away withsomething

do without being noticed or punished

Jason always gets away withcheating in his maths tests.

get back

return

We got back from our vacation last week.

getsomethingback

receive something you had before

Liz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.

get back atsomebody

retaliate, take revenge

My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.

get back intosomething

become interested in something again

I finally got back into my novel and finished it.

get onsomething

step onto a vehicle

We’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.

get oversomething

recover from an illness, loss, difficulty

I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.

get oversomething

overcome a problem

The company will have to close if it can’t get over the new regulations.

get round tosomething

finally find time to do (AmE: get around tosomething)

I don’t know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.

get together

meet (usually for social reasons)

Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.

get up

get out of bed

got up early today to study for my exam.

get up

stand

You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.

givesomebodyaway

reveal hidden information about somebody

His wife gave him away to the police.

givesomebodyaway

take the bride to the altar

My father gave me away at my wedding.

givesomethingaway

ruin a secret

My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.

givesomethingaway

give something to somebody for free

The library was giving away old books on Friday.

givesomethingback

return a borrowed item

I have to give these skates backto Franz before his hockey game.

give in

reluctantly stop fighting or arguing

My boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.

givesomethingout

give to many people (usually at no cost)

They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.

givesomething up

quit a habit

I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.

give up

stop trying

My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.

go aftersomebody

follow somebody

My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.

go aftersomething

try to achieve something

went after my dream and now I am a published writer.

go againstsomebody

compete, oppose

We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.

go ahead

start, proceed

Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.

go back

return to a place

I have to go back home and get my lunch.

go out

leave home to go on a social event

We’re going out for dinner tonight.

go out withsomebody

date

Jesse has been going out withLuke since they met last winter.

go oversomething

review

Please go over your answers before you submit your test.

go over

visit somebody nearby

I haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.

go withoutsomething

suffer lack or deprivation

When I was young, we went without winter boots.

grow apart

stop being friends over time

My best friend and I grew apartafter she changed schools.

grow back

regrow

My roses grew back this summer.

grow intosomething

grow big enough to fit

This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.

grow out ofsomething

get too big for

Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.

grow up

become an adult

When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.

handsomethingdown

give something used to somebody else

handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.

handsomething in

submit

I have to hand in my essay by Friday.

handsomethingout

to distribute to a group of people

We will hand out the invitations at the door.

handsomethingover

give (usually unwillingly)

The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.

hang in

stay positive (informal)

Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.

hang on

wait a short time (informal)

Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!

hang out

spend time relaxing (informal)

Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.

hang up

end a phone call

He didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.

holdsomebody/ somethingback

prevent from doing/going

I had to hold my dog backbecause there was a cat in the park.

holdsomethingback

hide an emotion

Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather’s funeral.

hold on

wait a short time

Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.

hold ontosomebody/ something

hold firmly using your hands or arms

Hold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.

holdsomebody/ something up

rob

A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.

keep on doingsomething

continue doing

Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.

keepsomethingfromsomebody

not tell

We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.

keepsomebody/ somethingout

stop from entering

Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.

keepsomething up

continue at the same rate

If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.

let somebodydown

fail to support or help, disappoint

I need you to be on time. Don’t letme down this time.

let somebodyin

allow to enter

Can you let the cat in before you go to school?

log in (or on)

sign in (to a website, database etc)

I can’t log in to Facebook because I’ve forgotten my password.

log out (or off)

sign out (of a website, database etc)

If you don’t log off somebody could get into your account.

look aftersomebody/ something

take care of

I have to look after my sick grandmother.

look down on somebody

think less of, consider inferior

Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.

look forsomebody/ something

try to find

I’m looking for a red dress for the wedding.

look forward to something

be excited about the future

I’m looking forward to the Christmas break.

look intosomething

investigate

We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.

look out

be careful, vigilant, and take notice

Look out! That car’s going to hit you!

look out forsomebody/ something

be especially vigilant for

Don’t forget to look out forsnakes on the hiking trail.

looksomethingover

check, examine

Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?

looksomething up

search and find information in a reference book or database

We can look her phone number up on the Internet.

look up tosomebody

have a lot of respect for

My little sister has always looked up to me.

makesomething up

invent, lie about something

Josie made up a story about why we were late.

make up

forgive each other

We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.

makesomebody up

apply cosmetics to

My sisters made me up for my graduation party.

mixsomething up

confuse two or more things

mixed up the twins’ names again!

pass away

die

His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.

pass out

faint

It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.

passsomethingout

give the same thing to many people

The professor passed the textbooks out before class.

passsomething up

decline (usually something good)

passed up the job because I am afraid of change.

paysomebodyback

return owed money

Thanks for buying my ticket. I’ll pay you back on Friday.

pay forsomething

be punished for doing something bad

That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.

picksomethingout

choose

picked out three sweaters for you to try on.

pointsomebody/ somethingout

indicate with your finger

I’ll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.

putsomethingdown

put what you are holding on a surface or floor

You can put the groceries downon the kitchen counter.

putsomebodydown

insult, make somebody feel stupid

The students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.

putsomething off

postpone

We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.

putsomethingout

extinguish

The neighbours put the fire outbefore the firemen arrived.

putsomethingtogether

assemble

I have to put the crib togetherbefore the baby arrives.

put up withsomebody/ something

tolerate

I don’t think I can put up withthree small children in the car.

putsomething on

put clothing/ accessories on your body

Don’t forget to put on your new earrings for the party.

run intosomebody/ something

meet unexpectedly

ran into an old school-friend at the mall.

run oversomebody/ something

drive a vehicle over a person or thing

I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.

run over/ throughsomething

rehearse, review

Let’s run over/through these lines one more time before the show.

run away

leave unexpectedly, escape

The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.

run out

have none left

We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.

sendsomethingback

return (usually by mail)

My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.

setsomething up

arrange, organize

Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.

setsomebody up

trick, trap

The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.

shop around

compare prices

I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.

show off

act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)

He always shows off on his skateboard

sleep over

stay somewhere for the night (informal)

You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.

sortsomethingout

organize, resolve a problem

We need to sort the bills outbefore the first of the month.

stick tosomething

continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing

You will lose weight if you stick tothe diet.

switchsomething off

stop the energy flow, turn off

The light’s too bright. Could you switch it off.

switchsomething on

start the energy flow, turn on

We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.

take aftersomebody

resemble a family member

take after my mother. We are both impatient.

takesomethingapart

purposely break into pieces

He took the car brakes apart and found the problem.

takesomethingback

return an item

I have to take our new TV backbecause it doesn’t work.

take off

start to fly

My plane takes off in five minutes.

takesomething off

remove something (usually clothing)

Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!

takesomethingout

remove from a place or thing

Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?

takesomebodyout

pay for somebody to go somewhere with you

My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.

tearsomething up

rip into pieces

tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.

think back

remember (often + to, sometimes + on)

When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.

thinksomethingover

consider

I’ll have to think this job offer overbefore I make my final decision.

throwsomethingaway

dispose of

We threw our old furniture awaywhen we won the lottery.

turnsomethingdown

decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)

Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.

turnsomethingdown

refuse

turned the job down because I don’t want to move.

turnsomething off

stop the energy flow, switch off

Your mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.

turnsomething on

start the energy, switch on

It’s too dark in here. Let’s turnsome lights on.

turnsomething up

increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc)

Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.

turn up

appear suddenly

Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.

try somethingon

sample clothing

I’m going to try these jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.

try somethingout

test

I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.

usesomething up

finish the supply

The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.

wake up

stop sleeping

We have to wake up early for work on Monday.

warmsomebody/ something up

increase the temperature

You can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.

warm up

prepare body for exercise

I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.

wear off

fade away

Most of my make-up wore offbefore I got to the party.

work out

exercise

work out at the gym three times a week.

work out

be successful

Our plan worked out fine.

worksomethingout

make a calculation

We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

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